The divinity of Jesus Christ has always been questioned by some throughout the centuries. Some say he is merely human and they deny that Jesus is God. They deny that the Word who became flesh is both human and divine. There are actually many passages in the Bible that will prove that Jesus is God but in this blog, let me just focus on John 1:1-2, 14.
In John 1:1 of the New International Version (NIV) it says: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
In this passage above, the verb form “was” can be found three times and in Greek it is what is called as an imperfect tense. It is a “continuous tense” denoting an event or state that is continuing. In other words we can say that: “in the beginning the Word ‘was continuously’ there.” Before there was time, the Word was already, continuously there. And the Word was continuously with God. And the Word was continuously God. This means that the Word had no beginning.
Now, let’s focus on the second clause of Verse 1: “and the Word was with God.” Please take note of the word, “with” (Greek, pros). This indicates a distinction is being made between two Persons — the Word and God.
Here is what a BibleGateway commentary has to say: “The first verse is very carefully constructed to refer to the personal distinctness yet the essential oneness of the Word with God. To be with God means the Word is distinct from him. The word with (pros) in a context like this is used to indicate personal relationship, not mere proximity (cf. Mk 6:3). But he also was God; that is, there is an identity of being between them.”
The distinction becomes even clearer when we realize that in Greek there is a definite article, “the” before the word “God.” In other words, what it is actually saying is: “and the Word was with THE God.” There is clearly a distinction being made between the Word and THE God. This means that before there was time, the Word was continuously with THE God — the Father of course.
It is also good to note that in Verse 2 which says: “He was with God in the beginning,” actually has the definite article “the” ALSO before the word, “God.” In other words, The Word was continuously with THE God in the beginning. We now know THE God as the Father and he was with the Word (the Son) continuously before there was time.
Now let’s study the last clause of Verse 1: “and the Word was God.” Please take note here that in Greek the definite article “THE” is not found! This is significant. It does not say that “the Word was THE God.” As we have noted, there is a distinction between the Word (the Son) and THE God who is the Father.
It is very clear in Greek and most English Bible translations and Bible versions agree and render this last clause of Verse 1 as: “and the Word was God.” That’s what it means! It means that the Word was divine in the same way that the Father was divine. It means that the Word was God in the same way that the Father was God. The word, “God” (theos) here is a predicate noun. It describes who the subject (the Word ) is. The Word was divine. The Word was God (theos)!
Now let’s end with John 1:14 which says: “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
Please take note that this verse does not say that the Word ceased to be God. Rather, it means that the Word (Logos) took on human flesh. Without ceasing to be God, the Son took on human flesh – – created human nature. Christ had two natures, human and divine, fully God and fully human in his one Person.
There are many passages in Scripture that prove Jesus is fully God and fully human. This blog focused on John 1:1-2, 14. This is how God has led me to understand him at this time. Hope this helps you too.